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New zealand flax
Plant Care Instructions By Mr. Mitch

This plant care was originally written by KatWolfDancer: Truly a spectacular architectural plant for a perennial garden, Phormiums add splash, drama, and elegance to any landscaping with their arching, strappy leaves which fold and change directions midway up the blade. Phormiums have a clumping, compact habit, and can grow taller than the suggested height if they are happy. This group normally stays around the 1'-3' height. With care, they are long-lived. They need moderate watering, good drainage, and full sun to light shade. In the colder zones, they will need winter protection. They are hardy to around 15* F. This cultivar, a sport of "Yellow Wave", has a reputation of reverting back to green, and in order to keep the striking colors vibrant, it is best to cut these rogue blades out of the plant. Older, established plants can flower a deep lovely red, and are quite attractive to hummingbirds. "Jester" flaunts a rich pink leaf with an orange midrib and lime-green bands, and is relatively slow growing and tidy. A real show stopper!

Is Indoor Plant?

No

These month by month plant care tasks are for plants in the following zones :
Sunset Zones : 6, 7, 8, 914, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
USDA Zones : 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b
Web Link - For more information
Scroll down or click on any month for plant care instructions
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
  • January
    • Protect

        If there is a hard freeze expected, take steps to protect your Phormium.

  • February
    • Protect

        If there is a hard freeze expected, take steps to protect your Phormium.

    • Propagate

        Division of roots.

  • March
    • April
      • May
        • Treat for Pest/Disease

            Pick off any slugs & snails, or surround the plant with diatomaceous earth.

        • Transplant

            After danger of frost.

      • June
        • Buy

            Usually available in the early summer.

        • Plant

            While normally I wouldn't plant a plant during these hotter parts of the season, Phormium likes it hot, and planting now will allow it to establish itself well enough to survive any Winter event with protection.

        • Fertilize

            A nice well-balanced organic fertilizer will do Phormiums well by feeding both the roots & the foliage.

        • Pest/Disease Inspection

            Check for mealy bugs & snails, otherwise, a very pest-free plant.

        • Treat for Pest/Disease

            Pick off any slugs & snails, or surround the plant with diatomaceous earth.

      • July
        • Buy

            Usually available in the early summer.

        • Plant

            While normally I wouldn't plant a plant during these hotter parts of the season, Phormium likes it hot, and planting now will allow it to establish itself well enough to survive any Winter event with protection.

        • Water

            Check for water needs, water when necessary.

        • Pest/Disease Inspection

            Check for mealy bugs & snails, otherwise, a very pest-free plant.

        • Treat for Pest/Disease

            Pick off any slugs & snails, or surround the plant with diatomaceous earth. If Mealy bugs are present, spray with Neem oil.

      • August
        • Fertilize

            A nice well-balanced organic fertilizer will do Phormiums well by feeding both the roots & the foliage.

        • Water

            Check for water needs, water when necessary.

        • Pest/Disease Inspection

            Check for mealy bugs & snails, otherwise, a very pest-free plant.

        • Treat for Pest/Disease

            Pick off any slugs & snails, or surround the plant with diatomaceous earth. If Mealy bugs are present, spray with Neem oil.

      • September
        • Water

            Check for water needs, water when necessary.

        • Treat for Pest/Disease

            Pick off any slugs & snails, or surround the plant with diatomaceous earth.

      • October
        • Mulch

            Mulch well with an insulating mulch just after the first frost.

      • November
        • December
          • Protect

              If there is a hard freeze expected, take steps to protect your Phormium.

          • Special requirements

              Cold protection is just about the only special consideration this plant requires.

        • Winter
          • Spring
            • Summer
              • Fall
                • Buy

                  When's the best time to buy this plant? When can you buy these from seed (if you can)? When is it usually available? What are things to look for when you're buying it? Or anything other tidbit of information you can share!

                  •  Jan
                  •  Feb
                  •  Mar
                  •  Apr
                  •  May
                  •  Jun
                  •  Jul
                  •  Aug
                  •  Sep
                  •  Oct
                  •  Nov
                  •  Dec
                  • June

                    Usually available in the early summer.

                  • July

                    Usually available in the early summer.

                • Plant

                  When's a good time to plant this plant or bulb? Any special planting instructions?

                  •  Jan
                  •  Feb
                  •  Mar
                  •  Apr
                  •  May
                  •  Jun
                  •  Jul
                  •  Aug
                  •  Sep
                  •  Oct
                  •  Nov
                  •  Dec
                  • June

                    While normally I wouldn't plant a plant during these hotter parts of the season, Phormium likes it hot, and planting now will allow it to establish itself well enough to survive any Winter event with protection.

                  • July

                    While normally I wouldn't plant a plant during these hotter parts of the season, Phormium likes it hot, and planting now will allow it to establish itself well enough to survive any Winter event with protection.

                • Sow Seeds

                  When can you plant these seeds? When's the best time? Can you start them indoors and move them out? Do they have any special requirements?

                  •  Jan
                  •  Feb
                  •  Mar
                  •  Apr
                  •  May
                  •  Jun
                  •  Jul
                  •  Aug
                  •  Sep
                  •  Oct
                  •  Nov
                  •  Dec
                  • Fertilize

                    When should you fertilize this plant? Which kind of fertilizer do you recommend? Should you use different fertilizers at different times of year?

                    •  Jan
                    •  Feb
                    •  Mar
                    •  Apr
                    •  May
                    •  Jun
                    •  Jul
                    •  Aug
                    •  Sep
                    •  Oct
                    •  Nov
                    •  Dec
                    • June

                      A nice well-balanced organic fertilizer will do Phormiums well by feeding both the roots & the foliage.

                    • August

                      A nice well-balanced organic fertilizer will do Phormiums well by feeding both the roots & the foliage.

                  • Water

                    Is there a time to reduce or increase watering? Any special requirements? Things to avoid during certain times of the year?

                    •  Jan
                    •  Feb
                    •  Mar
                    •  Apr
                    •  May
                    •  Jun
                    •  Jul
                    •  Aug
                    •  Sep
                    •  Oct
                    •  Nov
                    •  Dec
                    • July

                      Check for water needs, water when necessary.

                    • August

                      Check for water needs, water when necessary.

                    • September

                      Check for water needs, water when necessary.

                  • Prune

                    When's a good time to prune this plant? How about deadheading, pinching back, trimming or any other grooming? Any special requirements?

                    •  Jan
                    •  Feb
                    •  Mar
                    •  Apr
                    •  May
                    •  Jun
                    •  Jul
                    •  Aug
                    •  Sep
                    •  Oct
                    •  Nov
                    •  Dec
                    • Mulch

                      Does this plant need to be mulched? Are there specific types of Mulch which are better for this plant? How much?

                      •  Jan
                      •  Feb
                      •  Mar
                      •  Apr
                      •  May
                      •  Jun
                      •  Jul
                      •  Aug
                      •  Sep
                      •  Oct
                      •  Nov
                      •  Dec
                      • October

                        Mulch well with an insulating mulch just after the first frost.

                    • Protect

                      When and how should you protect this plant from birds, deer, rabbits? Does this plant need be covered, or wrapped or painted or moved?

                      •  Jan
                      •  Feb
                      •  Mar
                      •  Apr
                      •  May
                      •  Jun
                      •  Jul
                      •  Aug
                      •  Sep
                      •  Oct
                      •  Nov
                      •  Dec
                      • January

                        If there is a hard freeze expected, take steps to protect your Phormium.

                      • February

                        If there is a hard freeze expected, take steps to protect your Phormium.

                      • December

                        If there is a hard freeze expected, take steps to protect your Phormium.

                    • Pest/Disease Inspection

                      What are the common problems this plant will face and when should you look for them to appear?

                      •  Jan
                      •  Feb
                      •  Mar
                      •  Apr
                      •  May
                      •  Jun
                      •  Jul
                      •  Aug
                      •  Sep
                      •  Oct
                      •  Nov
                      •  Dec
                      • June

                        Check for mealy bugs & snails, otherwise, a very pest-free plant.

                      • July

                        Check for mealy bugs & snails, otherwise, a very pest-free plant.

                      • August

                        Check for mealy bugs & snails, otherwise, a very pest-free plant.

                    • Treat for Pest/Disease

                      How do you treat the common problems for this plant? What products or concoctions or natural means do you use? Any special requirements?

                      •  Jan
                      •  Feb
                      •  Mar
                      •  Apr
                      •  May
                      •  Jun
                      •  Jul
                      •  Aug
                      •  Sep
                      •  Oct
                      •  Nov
                      •  Dec
                      • May

                        Pick off any slugs & snails, or surround the plant with diatomaceous earth.

                      • June

                        Pick off any slugs & snails, or surround the plant with diatomaceous earth.

                      • July

                        Pick off any slugs & snails, or surround the plant with diatomaceous earth. If Mealy bugs are present, spray with Neem oil.

                      • August

                        Pick off any slugs & snails, or surround the plant with diatomaceous earth. If Mealy bugs are present, spray with Neem oil.

                      • September

                        Pick off any slugs & snails, or surround the plant with diatomaceous earth.

                    • Transplant

                      When's the best time to dig up and transplant this from one spot to another? (This is different than planting). Any special requirements?

                      •  Jan
                      •  Feb
                      •  Mar
                      •  Apr
                      •  May
                      •  Jun
                      •  Jul
                      •  Aug
                      •  Sep
                      •  Oct
                      •  Nov
                      •  Dec
                      • May

                        After danger of frost.

                    • Propagate

                      When's a good time to divide, take cuttings, layer or propagate this plant. Any special requirements?

                      •  Jan
                      •  Feb
                      •  Mar
                      •  Apr
                      •  May
                      •  Jun
                      •  Jul
                      •  Aug
                      •  Sep
                      •  Oct
                      •  Nov
                      •  Dec
                      • February

                        Division of roots.

                    • Harvest

                      When's a good time to harvest this plant? What's the best way to harvest? Are there special requirements or features?

                      •  Jan
                      •  Feb
                      •  Mar
                      •  Apr
                      •  May
                      •  Jun
                      •  Jul
                      •  Aug
                      •  Sep
                      •  Oct
                      •  Nov
                      •  Dec
                      • Special requirements

                        Any other requirement for this plant? Is there anything that doesn't fit into the other care categories?

                        •  Jan
                        •  Feb
                        •  Mar
                        •  Apr
                        •  May
                        •  Jun
                        •  Jul
                        •  Aug
                        •  Sep
                        •  Oct
                        •  Nov
                        •  Dec
                        • December

                          Cold protection is just about the only special consideration this plant requires.

                      Click This Button To Use These Plant Care Reminders
                      About the Author
                      Kat Malstead
                      Author: Kat Malstead

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