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Rose
Plant Care Instructions By Steve Brigham

As a group, roses are the most popular shrubs of all in temperate climates worldwide. California is a great place to grow roses, especially because of its mild-winter climates, where some roses seem to always be in bloom. \"Roses\" is a big category, and there are many different kinds. In general, all roses like sun, good soil, good air circulation, and regular water and fertilizer. Since they bloom on new growth, they also need a certain amount of pruning in order to produce the most flowers -- but it\'s probably true that most people prune their roses too heavily. Mostly, it\'s the cut-flower \"hybrid teas\" that need a seasonal pruning -- the many popular shrubby landscape roses generally don\'t need much cutting back. And even with the hybrid teas, consider that when you cut your blooms for bouquets, you\'re really accomplishing your pruning chores at the same time. Just remember that a big shrub produces more flowers, so do give your roses a seasonal haircut with just a little thinning, but don\'t overdo it (and remember to wear your gardening gloves when you do!).

Is Indoor Plant?

No

These month by month plant care tasks are for plants in the following zones :
Sunset Zones : 7, 8, 914, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
USDA Zones :
Web Link - For more information
Scroll down or click on any month for plant care instructions
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
  • January
    • Buy

        Bare-root roses are good value and easy to plant. Buy large #1 size plants, and you'll get lots of flowers the first year. Shop early in the bare-root season for the best selection and freshest plants.

    • Plant

        Plant bare-root roses soon after you buy them, and soak them for a couple hours in a bucket of water before you do. Pick a spot in full sun (a little afternoon shade in hot climates is fine) in well-drained soil, with good air circulation, and amend the soil with organic material and a balanced fertilizer. On grafted plants, plant so that the graft union (knob) is just above soil level. Make a generous watering basin around your new plants, and water thoroughly.

    • Prune

        Prune hybrid teas in winter, before new growth begins, to remove dead and older, unproductive canes. Cut back healthy canes by one third, making cuts just above outward facing buds. Many shrubs and climbers, however, do not need radical annual pruning, and may simply be cut back lightly either in winter or after spring bloom.

    • Transplant

        With care, established roses may be moved during bare-root season, before new growth appears.

  • February
    • Buy

        Bare-root roses are good value and easy to plant. Buy large #1 size plants, and you'll get lots of flowers the first year. Shop early in the bare-root season for the best selection and freshest plants.

    • Plant

        Plant bare-root roses soon after you buy them, and soak them for a couple hours in a bucket of water before you do. Pick a spot in full sun (a little afternoon shade in hot climates is fine) in well-drained soil, with good air circulation, and amend the soil with organic material and a balanced fertilizer. On grafted plants, plant so that the graft union (knob) is just above soil level. Make a generous watering basin around your new plants, and water thoroughly.

    • Fertilize

        Feed with a balanced fertilizer in February, and again after each bloom cycle. Hybrid teas grown for cut flowers need feeding more than shrubby roses do.

    • Water

        Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

    • Prune

        Prune hybrid teas in winter, before new growth begins, to remove dead and older, unproductive canes. Cut back healthy canes by one third, making cuts just above outward facing buds. Many shrubs and climbers, however, do not need radical annual pruning, and may simply be cut back lightly either in winter or after spring bloom.

    • Mulch

        Mulch to conserve water use and keep roots cool.

    • Transplant

        With care, established roses may be moved during bare-root season, before new growth appears.

  • March
    • Buy

        Bare-root roses are good value and easy to plant. Buy large #1 size plants, and you'll get lots of flowers the first year. Shop early in the bare-root season for the best selection and freshest plants. You can also buy roses in the spring, after they have been established in pots. Buy them in 3 or 5-gallon sized containers, since smaller pots usually means that too much root-pruning has been done.

    • Plant

        Plant bare-root roses soon after you buy them, and soak them for a couple hours in a bucket of water before you do. Container-grown plants may be planted at any time. Pick a spot in full sun (a little afternoon shade in hot climates is fine) in well-drained soil, with good air circulation, and amend the soil with organic material and a balanced fertilizer. On grafted plants, plant so that the graft union (knob) is just above soil level. Make a generous watering basin around your new plants, and water thoroughly.

    • Water

        Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

    • Prune

        Prune hybrid teas in winter, before new growth begins, to remove dead and older, unproductive canes. Cut back healthy canes by one third, making cuts just above outward facing buds. Many shrubs and climbers, however, do not need radical annual pruning, and may simply be cut back lightly either in winter or after spring bloom.

    • Pest/Disease Inspection

        Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

    • Treat for Pest/Disease

        A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

  • April
    • Buy

        You can also buy roses in the spring, after they have been established in pots. Buy them in 3 or 5-gallon sized containers, since smaller pots usually means that too much root-pruning has been done.

    • Plant

        Container-grown plants may be planted at any time. Pick a spot in full sun (a little afternoon shade in hot climates is fine) in well-drained soil, with good air circulation, and amend the soil with organic material and a balanced fertilizer. On grafted plants, plant so that the graft union (knob) is just above soil level. Make a generous watering basin around your new plants, and water thoroughly.

    • Water

        Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

    • Pest/Disease Inspection

        Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

    • Treat for Pest/Disease

        A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

  • May
    • Buy

        You can also buy roses in the spring, after they have been established in pots. Buy them in 3 or 5-gallon sized containers, since smaller pots usually means that too much root-pruning has been done.

    • Plant

        Container-grown plants may be planted at any time. Pick a spot in full sun (a little afternoon shade in hot climates is fine) in well-drained soil, with good air circulation, and amend the soil with organic material and a balanced fertilizer. On grafted plants, plant so that the graft union (knob) is just above soil level. Make a generous watering basin around your new plants, and water thoroughly.

    • Fertilize

        Feed with a balanced fertilizer after each bloom cycle. Hybrid teas grown for cut flowers need feeding more than shrubby roses do.

    • Water

        Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

    • Prune

        Cutting flowers for bouquets promotes more flowers later, as does deadheading any seed pods that form.

    • Mulch

        Mulch to conserve water use and keep roots cool.

    • Pest/Disease Inspection

        Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

    • Treat for Pest/Disease

        A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

  • June
    • Buy

        You can also buy roses in the spring, after they have been established in pots. Buy them in 3 or 5-gallon sized containers, since smaller pots usually means that too much root-pruning has been done.

    • Plant

        Container-grown plants may be planted at any time. Pick a spot in full sun (a little afternoon shade in hot climates is fine) in well-drained soil, with good air circulation, and amend the soil with organic material and a balanced fertilizer. On grafted plants, plant so that the graft union (knob) is just above soil level. Make a generous watering basin around your new plants, and water thoroughly.

    • Water

        Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

    • Prune

        Cutting flowers for bouquets promotes more flowers later, as does deadheading any seed pods that form.

    • Pest/Disease Inspection

        Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

    • Treat for Pest/Disease

        A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

  • July
    • Water

        Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

    • Prune

        Cutting flowers for bouquets promotes more flowers later, as does deadheading any seed pods that form.

    • Pest/Disease Inspection

        Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

    • Treat for Pest/Disease

        A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

  • August
    • Fertilize

        Feed with a balanced fertilizer after each bloom cycle. Hybrid teas grown for cut flowers need feeding more than shrubby roses do.

    • Water

        Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

    • Prune

        Cutting flowers for bouquets promotes more flowers later, as does deadheading any seed pods that form.

    • Pest/Disease Inspection

        Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

    • Treat for Pest/Disease

        A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

  • September
    • Water

        Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

    • Prune

        Cutting flowers for bouquets promotes more flowers later, as does deadheading any seed pods that form.

    • Mulch

        Mulch to conserve water use and keep roots cool.

    • Pest/Disease Inspection

        Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

    • Treat for Pest/Disease

        A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

  • October
    • Water

        Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

    • Prune

        Cutting flowers for bouquets promotes more flowers later, as does deadheading any seed pods that form.

    • Pest/Disease Inspection

        Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

    • Treat for Pest/Disease

        A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

  • November
    • Water

        Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

  • December
    • Winter
      • Spring
        • Summer
          • Fall
            • Buy

              When's the best time to buy this plant? When can you buy these from seed (if you can)? When is it usually available? What are things to look for when you're buying it? Or anything other tidbit of information you can share!

              •  Jan
              •  Feb
              •  Mar
              •  Apr
              •  May
              •  Jun
              •  Jul
              •  Aug
              •  Sep
              •  Oct
              •  Nov
              •  Dec
              • January

                Bare-root roses are good value and easy to plant. Buy large #1 size plants, and you\'ll get lots of flowers the first year. Shop early in the bare-root season for the best selection and freshest plants.

              • February

                Bare-root roses are good value and easy to plant. Buy large #1 size plants, and you\'ll get lots of flowers the first year. Shop early in the bare-root season for the best selection and freshest plants.

              • March

                Bare-root roses are good value and easy to plant. Buy large #1 size plants, and you\'ll get lots of flowers the first year. Shop early in the bare-root season for the best selection and freshest plants. You can also buy roses in the spring, after they have been established in pots. Buy them in 3 or 5-gallon sized containers, since smaller pots usually means that too much root-pruning has been done.

              • April

                You can also buy roses in the spring, after they have been established in pots. Buy them in 3 or 5-gallon sized containers, since smaller pots usually means that too much root-pruning has been done.

              • May

                You can also buy roses in the spring, after they have been established in pots. Buy them in 3 or 5-gallon sized containers, since smaller pots usually means that too much root-pruning has been done.

              • June

                You can also buy roses in the spring, after they have been established in pots. Buy them in 3 or 5-gallon sized containers, since smaller pots usually means that too much root-pruning has been done.

            • Plant

              When's a good time to plant this plant or bulb? Any special planting instructions?

              •  Jan
              •  Feb
              •  Mar
              •  Apr
              •  May
              •  Jun
              •  Jul
              •  Aug
              •  Sep
              •  Oct
              •  Nov
              •  Dec
              • January

                Plant bare-root roses soon after you buy them, and soak them for a couple hours in a bucket of water before you do. Pick a spot in full sun (a little afternoon shade in hot climates is fine) in well-drained soil, with good air circulation, and amend the soil with organic material and a balanced fertilizer. On grafted plants, plant so that the graft union (knob) is just above soil level. Make a generous watering basin around your new plants, and water thoroughly.

              • February

                Plant bare-root roses soon after you buy them, and soak them for a couple hours in a bucket of water before you do. Pick a spot in full sun (a little afternoon shade in hot climates is fine) in well-drained soil, with good air circulation, and amend the soil with organic material and a balanced fertilizer. On grafted plants, plant so that the graft union (knob) is just above soil level. Make a generous watering basin around your new plants, and water thoroughly.

              • March

                Plant bare-root roses soon after you buy them, and soak them for a couple hours in a bucket of water before you do. Container-grown plants may be planted at any time. Pick a spot in full sun (a little afternoon shade in hot climates is fine) in well-drained soil, with good air circulation, and amend the soil with organic material and a balanced fertilizer. On grafted plants, plant so that the graft union (knob) is just above soil level. Make a generous watering basin around your new plants, and water thoroughly.

              • April

                Container-grown plants may be planted at any time. Pick a spot in full sun (a little afternoon shade in hot climates is fine) in well-drained soil, with good air circulation, and amend the soil with organic material and a balanced fertilizer. On grafted plants, plant so that the graft union (knob) is just above soil level. Make a generous watering basin around your new plants, and water thoroughly.

              • May

                Container-grown plants may be planted at any time. Pick a spot in full sun (a little afternoon shade in hot climates is fine) in well-drained soil, with good air circulation, and amend the soil with organic material and a balanced fertilizer. On grafted plants, plant so that the graft union (knob) is just above soil level. Make a generous watering basin around your new plants, and water thoroughly.

              • June

                Container-grown plants may be planted at any time. Pick a spot in full sun (a little afternoon shade in hot climates is fine) in well-drained soil, with good air circulation, and amend the soil with organic material and a balanced fertilizer. On grafted plants, plant so that the graft union (knob) is just above soil level. Make a generous watering basin around your new plants, and water thoroughly.

            • Sow Seeds

              When can you plant these seeds? When's the best time? Can you start them indoors and move them out? Do they have any special requirements?

              •  Jan
              •  Feb
              •  Mar
              •  Apr
              •  May
              •  Jun
              •  Jul
              •  Aug
              •  Sep
              •  Oct
              •  Nov
              •  Dec
              • Fertilize

                When should you fertilize this plant? Which kind of fertilizer do you recommend? Should you use different fertilizers at different times of year?

                •  Jan
                •  Feb
                •  Mar
                •  Apr
                •  May
                •  Jun
                •  Jul
                •  Aug
                •  Sep
                •  Oct
                •  Nov
                •  Dec
                • February

                  Feed with a balanced fertilizer in February, and again after each bloom cycle. Hybrid teas grown for cut flowers need feeding more than shrubby roses do.

                • May

                  Feed with a balanced fertilizer after each bloom cycle. Hybrid teas grown for cut flowers need feeding more than shrubby roses do.

                • August

                  Feed with a balanced fertilizer after each bloom cycle. Hybrid teas grown for cut flowers need feeding more than shrubby roses do.

              • Water

                Is there a time to reduce or increase watering? Any special requirements? Things to avoid during certain times of the year?

                •  Jan
                •  Feb
                •  Mar
                •  Apr
                •  May
                •  Jun
                •  Jul
                •  Aug
                •  Sep
                •  Oct
                •  Nov
                •  Dec
                • February

                  Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

                • March

                  Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

                • April

                  Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

                • May

                  Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

                • June

                  Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

                • July

                  Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

                • August

                  Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

                • September

                  Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

                • October

                  Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

                • November

                  Water regularly and thoroughly as necessary during the growing season. Wash off foliage (morning is best) with a spray of water on a regular basis to promote healthy growth.

              • Prune

                When's a good time to prune this plant? How about deadheading, pinching back, trimming or any other grooming? Any special requirements?

                •  Jan
                •  Feb
                •  Mar
                •  Apr
                •  May
                •  Jun
                •  Jul
                •  Aug
                •  Sep
                •  Oct
                •  Nov
                •  Dec
                • January

                  Prune hybrid teas in winter, before new growth begins, to remove dead and older, unproductive canes. Cut back healthy canes by one third, making cuts just above outward facing buds. Many shrubs and climbers, however, do not need radical annual pruning, and may simply be cut back lightly either in winter or after spring bloom.

                • February

                  Prune hybrid teas in winter, before new growth begins, to remove dead and older, unproductive canes. Cut back healthy canes by one third, making cuts just above outward facing buds. Many shrubs and climbers, however, do not need radical annual pruning, and may simply be cut back lightly either in winter or after spring bloom.

                • March

                  Prune hybrid teas in winter, before new growth begins, to remove dead and older, unproductive canes. Cut back healthy canes by one third, making cuts just above outward facing buds. Many shrubs and climbers, however, do not need radical annual pruning, and may simply be cut back lightly either in winter or after spring bloom.

                • May

                  Cutting flowers for bouquets promotes more flowers later, as does deadheading any seed pods that form.

                • June

                  Cutting flowers for bouquets promotes more flowers later, as does deadheading any seed pods that form.

                • July

                  Cutting flowers for bouquets promotes more flowers later, as does deadheading any seed pods that form.

                • August

                  Cutting flowers for bouquets promotes more flowers later, as does deadheading any seed pods that form.

                • September

                  Cutting flowers for bouquets promotes more flowers later, as does deadheading any seed pods that form.

                • October

                  Cutting flowers for bouquets promotes more flowers later, as does deadheading any seed pods that form.

              • Mulch

                Does this plant need to be mulched? Are there specific types of Mulch which are better for this plant? How much?

                •  Jan
                •  Feb
                •  Mar
                •  Apr
                •  May
                •  Jun
                •  Jul
                •  Aug
                •  Sep
                •  Oct
                •  Nov
                •  Dec
                • February

                  Mulch to conserve water use and keep roots cool.

                • May

                  Mulch to conserve water use and keep roots cool.

                • September

                  Mulch to conserve water use and keep roots cool.

              • Protect

                When and how should you protect this plant from birds, deer, rabbits? Does this plant need be covered, or wrapped or painted or moved?

                •  Jan
                •  Feb
                •  Mar
                •  Apr
                •  May
                •  Jun
                •  Jul
                •  Aug
                •  Sep
                •  Oct
                •  Nov
                •  Dec
                • Pest/Disease Inspection

                  What are the common problems this plant will face and when should you look for them to appear?

                  •  Jan
                  •  Feb
                  •  Mar
                  •  Apr
                  •  May
                  •  Jun
                  •  Jul
                  •  Aug
                  •  Sep
                  •  Oct
                  •  Nov
                  •  Dec
                  • March

                    Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

                  • April

                    Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

                  • May

                    Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

                  • June

                    Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

                  • July

                    Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

                  • August

                    Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

                  • September

                    Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

                  • October

                    Watch for pests and leaf diseases throughout the growing season.

                • Treat for Pest/Disease

                  How do you treat the common problems for this plant? What products or concoctions or natural means do you use? Any special requirements?

                  •  Jan
                  •  Feb
                  •  Mar
                  •  Apr
                  •  May
                  •  Jun
                  •  Jul
                  •  Aug
                  •  Sep
                  •  Oct
                  •  Nov
                  •  Dec
                  • March

                    A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

                  • April

                    A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

                  • May

                    A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

                  • June

                    A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

                  • July

                    A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

                  • August

                    A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

                  • September

                    A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

                  • October

                    A good spray of water in early morning can be effective in controlling small insects and even some leaf diseases. If pests and diseases are a big problem, systemic rose care products can be of help.

                • Transplant

                  When's the best time to dig up and transplant this from one spot to another? (This is different than planting). Any special requirements?

                  •  Jan
                  •  Feb
                  •  Mar
                  •  Apr
                  •  May
                  •  Jun
                  •  Jul
                  •  Aug
                  •  Sep
                  •  Oct
                  •  Nov
                  •  Dec
                  • January

                    With care, established roses may be moved during bare-root season, before new growth appears.

                  • February

                    With care, established roses may be moved during bare-root season, before new growth appears.

                • Propagate

                  When's a good time to divide, take cuttings, layer or propagate this plant. Any special requirements?

                  •  Jan
                  •  Feb
                  •  Mar
                  •  Apr
                  •  May
                  •  Jun
                  •  Jul
                  •  Aug
                  •  Sep
                  •  Oct
                  •  Nov
                  •  Dec
                  • Harvest

                    When's a good time to harvest this plant? What's the best way to harvest? Are there special requirements or features?

                    •  Jan
                    •  Feb
                    •  Mar
                    •  Apr
                    •  May
                    •  Jun
                    •  Jul
                    •  Aug
                    •  Sep
                    •  Oct
                    •  Nov
                    •  Dec
                    • Special requirements

                      Any other requirement for this plant? Is there anything that doesn't fit into the other care categories?

                      •  Jan
                      •  Feb
                      •  Mar
                      •  Apr
                      •  May
                      •  Jun
                      •  Jul
                      •  Aug
                      •  Sep
                      •  Oct
                      •  Nov
                      •  Dec

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