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General Information

Plant Care Instructions By Julie Bawden-Davis

Tropical evergreen shrub with eye-catching, large, vibrant-colored flowers and glossy, green leaves. Grows 8 to 15 feet tall. Blooms in spring, summer and fall in a wide range of colors, including white, coral, red, pink, yellow, apricot and orange.

Is Indoor Plant?

No

These month by month plant care tasks are for plants in the following zones :
Sunset Zones : 22, 23, 24
USDA Zones :
Web Link - For more information

Plant Care Instruction

  • Scroll down or click on any month for plant care instructions
    • January
    • February
    • March
    • April
    • May
    • June
    • July
    • August
    • September
    • October
    • November
    • December
    January
    1. Water

    In the absence of rainfall, water in-ground plants every two weeks and container plants once a week.
    2. Protect

    Protect in-ground plants with frost cloth if temperatures dip below 30 degree Fahrenheit. Pull container plants next to the house.
    February
    1. Water

    In the absence of rainfall, water in-ground plants every two weeks and container plants once a week.
    2. Protect

    Protect in-ground plants with frost cloth if temperatures dip below 30 degree Fahrenheit. Pull container plants next to the house.
    March
    1. Water

    In the absence of rainfall, water in-ground plants once a week and container plants twice weekly.
    2. Prune

    Prune out 1/3 of old growth from prior year.
    3. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.
    4. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap. A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies. The parasites take some time to appear in spring. It is best to be patient before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.
    April
    1. Buy

    Buy when in bloom so you can choose your preferred flower color.
    2. Plant

    Plant when the nighttime temperatures remain at 60 degrees or above. Locate the plant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.
    3. Fertilize

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.
    4. Water

    Water in-ground plants once a week and container plants twice weekly.
    5. Prune

    Pinch out stem tips to increase flower production.
    6. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.
    7. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap. A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies. The parasites take some time to appear in spring. It is best to be patient before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.
    8. Transplant

    Transplant when the nighttime temperatures remain at 60 degrees or above. Locate the plant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.
    May
    1. Buy

    Buy when in bloom so you can choose your preferred flower color.
    2. Plant

    Plant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.
    3. Fertilize

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.
    4. Water

    Water in-ground plants twice a week and container plants 2 to 3 times per week.
    5. Prune

    Pinch out stem tips to increase flower production.
    6. Mulch

    Apply a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark at the base of the plant out to the drip-line.
    7. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.
    8. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap. A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.
    9. Transplant

    Transplant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.
    June
    1. Buy

    Buy when in bloom so you can choose your preferred flower color.
    2. Plant

    Plant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.
    3. Fertilize

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.
    4. Water

    Water in-ground plants twice a week and container plants 2 to 3 times per week.
    5. Prune

    Pinch out stem tips to increase flower production.
    6. Mulch

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark at the base of the plant out to the drip-line.
    7. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.
    8. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap. A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.
    9. Transplant

    Transplant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.
    July
    1. Buy

    Buy when in bloom so you can choose your preferred flower color.
    2. Plant

    Plant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.
    3. Fertilize

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.
    4. Water

    Water in-ground plants twice a week and container plants every 1 to 2 days.
    5. Prune

    Pinch out stem tips to increase flower production.
    6. Mulch

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark at the base of the plant out to the drip-line.
    7. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.
    8. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap. A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.
    9. Transplant

    Transplant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.
    August
    1. Buy

    Buy when in bloom so you can choose your preferred flower color.
    2. Plant

    Plant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.
    3. Fertilize

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.
    4. Water

    Water in-ground plants twice a week and container plants every 1 to 2 days.
    5. Prune

    Pinch out stem tips to increase flower production.
    6. Mulch

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark at the base of the plant out to the drip-line.
    7. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.
    8. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap. A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.
    9. Transplant

    Transplant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.
    September
    1. Buy

    Buy when in bloom so you can choose your preferred flower color.
    2. Fertilize

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.
    3. Water

    Water in-ground plants twice a week and container plants every 1 to 2 days.
    4. Mulch

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark at the base of the plant out to the drip-line.
    5. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.
    6. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap. A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.
    October
    1. Fertilize

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.
    2. Water

    Water in-ground plants once a week and container plants every 3 to 4 days.
    3. Pest/Disease Inspection

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.
    4. Treat for Pest/Disease

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap. A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.
    November
    1. Water

    Water in-ground plants every two weeks and container plants once a week.
    December
    1. Water

    In the absence of rainfall, water in-ground plants every two weeks and container plants once a week.
    2. Protect

    Protect in-ground plants with frost cloth if temperatures dip below 30 degree Fahrenheit. Pull container plants next to the house.
  • Buy

    When's the best time to buy this plant? When can you buy these from seed (if you can)? When is it usually available? What are things to look for when you're buying it? Or anything other tidbit of information you can share!

    April

    Buy when in bloom so you can choose your preferred flower color.

    May

    Buy when in bloom so you can choose your preferred flower color.

    June

    Buy when in bloom so you can choose your preferred flower color.

    July

    Buy when in bloom so you can choose your preferred flower color.

    August

    Buy when in bloom so you can choose your preferred flower color.

    September

    Buy when in bloom so you can choose your preferred flower color.

    Plant

    When's a good time to plant this plant or bulb? Any special planting instructions?

    April

    Plant when the nighttime temperatures remain at 60 degrees or above. Locate the plant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.

    May

    Plant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.

    June

    Plant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.

    July

    Plant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.

    August

    Plant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.

    Fertilize

    When should you fertilize this plant? Which kind of fertilizer do you recommend? Should you use different fertilizers at different times of year?

    April

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.

    May

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.

    June

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.

    July

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.

    August

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.

    September

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.

    October

    Feed once with an organic fertilizer designed for flowering plants.

    Water

    Is there a time to reduce or increase watering? Any special requirements? Things to avoid during certain times of the year?

    January

    In the absence of rainfall, water in-ground plants every two weeks and container plants once a week.

    February

    In the absence of rainfall, water in-ground plants every two weeks and container plants once a week.

    March

    In the absence of rainfall, water in-ground plants once a week and container plants twice weekly.

    April

    Water in-ground plants once a week and container plants twice weekly.

    May

    Water in-ground plants twice a week and container plants 2 to 3 times per week.

    June

    Water in-ground plants twice a week and container plants 2 to 3 times per week.

    July

    Water in-ground plants twice a week and container plants every 1 to 2 days.

    August

    Water in-ground plants twice a week and container plants every 1 to 2 days.

    September

    Water in-ground plants twice a week and container plants every 1 to 2 days.

    October

    Water in-ground plants once a week and container plants every 3 to 4 days.

    November

    Water in-ground plants every two weeks and container plants once a week.

    December

    In the absence of rainfall, water in-ground plants every two weeks and container plants once a week.

    Prune

    When's a good time to prune this plant? How about deadheading, pinching back, trimming or any other grooming? Any special requirements?

    March

    Prune out 1/3 of old growth from prior year.

    April

    Pinch out stem tips to increase flower production.

    May

    Pinch out stem tips to increase flower production.

    June

    Pinch out stem tips to increase flower production.

    July

    Pinch out stem tips to increase flower production.

    August

    Pinch out stem tips to increase flower production.

    Mulch

    Does this plant need to be mulched? Are there specific types of Mulch which are better for this plant? How much?

    May

    Apply a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark at the base of the plant out to the drip-line.

    June

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark at the base of the plant out to the drip-line.

    July

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark at the base of the plant out to the drip-line.

    August

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark at the base of the plant out to the drip-line.

    September

    Maintain a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded bark at the base of the plant out to the drip-line.

    Protect

    When and how should you protect this plant from birds, deer, rabbits? Does this plant need be covered, or wrapped or painted or moved?

    January

    Protect in-ground plants with frost cloth if temperatures dip below 30 degree Fahrenheit. Pull container plants next to the house.

    February

    Protect in-ground plants with frost cloth if temperatures dip below 30 degree Fahrenheit. Pull container plants next to the house.

    December

    Protect in-ground plants with frost cloth if temperatures dip below 30 degree Fahrenheit. Pull container plants next to the house.

    Pest/Disease Inspection

    What are the common problems this plant will face and when should you look for them to appear?

    January

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.

    February

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.

    March

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.

    April

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.

    May

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.

    June

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.

    July

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.

    August

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.

    September

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.

    October

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.

    November

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.

    December

    Check the underside of foliage for aphids and giant whitefly.

    Treat for Pest/Disease

    How do you treat the common problems for this plant? What products or concoctions or natural means do you use? Any special requirements?

    March

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap.

    A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies. The parasites take some time to appear in spring. It is best to be patient before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.

    April

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap.

    A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies. The parasites take some time to appear in spring. It is best to be patient before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.

    May

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap.

    A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.

    June

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap.

    A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.

    July

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap.

    A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.

    August

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap.

    A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.

    September

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap.

    A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.

    October

    Treat aphids with a strong spray of water. If they return, spray with insecticidal soap.

    A parasatoid wasp was released several years ago to combat giant whitefly. The wasp consumes the insides of the whitefly, leaving a yellow-colored husk. Check your plants for evidence of parasitized whiteflies before applying any insecticides, as they will also kill the beneficial wasps. Mulching with worm castings also helps plants ward off whiteflies.

    Transplant

    When's the best time to dig up and transplant this from one spot to another? (This is different than planting). Any special requirements?

    April

    Transplant when the nighttime temperatures remain at 60 degrees or above. Locate the plant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.

    May

    Transplant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.

    June

    Transplant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.

    July

    Transplant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.

    August

    Transplant in a full-sun location in a rich soil with excellent drainage. If the ground does not drain well, plant in a raised bed or container.

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